Apa itu Trypophobia? Gejala, Penyebab, dan Cara Mengatasi

What is Trypophobia Phobia is a mental illness characterized by anxiety, and excessive fear that occurs continuously against a certain object or condition.

This disease generally occurs in childhood and continues into adulthood. According to a study, phobias attack more women than men.

Symptoms caused by this anxiety disorder are quite diverse, including nausea, shortness of breath, and dizziness when looking at objects or being in certain conditions.

Are you a person who has a phobia? What type of phobia do you have? Given that there are several types of phobias that are common, one of them is trypophobia. So, what is trypophobia?

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Know what trypophobia is

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The word trypophobia apparently comes from the Greek language which if interpreted one by one, “trypta” means hole, and “phobos” means fear.

Meanwhile, according to the term, trypophobia is a person’s fear of objects that have many holes, or spots that gather together.

However, according to a study, trypophobia is not a true phobia but simply disgust.

True phobia itself means fear of a certain object or condition continuously to interfere with daily activities.

Symptoms of trypophobia

What is trypophobia?  Recognize the Symptoms, Causes, and How to Overcome Them

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People with trypophobia when they see hollow bends will experience symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, shortness of breath, excessive fear, anxiety, shaking, and panic attacks.

Generally, these symptoms are divided into three, namely skin-related reactions, cognitive-related reactions and physiological reactions.

Skin-related reactions such as goose bumps, goosebumps, and sudden itching for no reason. While cognitive-related reactions are more likely to be mental feelings such as disgust, fear, restlessness and anxiety.

Physiological reactions such as headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, racing heart, sweating, nausea, and even vomiting.

After experiencing the above symptoms, trypophobia sufferers ultimately prefer to avoid the trigger object so as not to be disturbed by the symptoms that will be caused.

Causes of trypophobia

What is trypophobia?  Recognize the Symptoms, Causes, and How to Overcome Them

(photo: istockphoto)

A person suffering from trypophobia is not without reason. Because, there are several factors that cause it, including:

1. Imagining dangerous animals

When they see objects with holes or spots in large numbers, they will imagine something dangerous, especially animals.

A study revealed that the reaction between people with trypophobia and non-trypophobia is different.

For example, when you see a beehive that has a large number of small holes, a non-trypophobia will imagine honey and bees in it.

While people who suffer from trypophobia will imagine there are dangerous animals in them such as snakes to dangerous parasites.

2. Caused by other disorders

A study has shown that people who suffer from trypophobia are most likely also caused by other disorders, such as mental disorders.

So it can be concluded that the trypophobia will experience excessive anxiety and fear when seeing certain objects. In fact, fear and anxiety can lead to depression.

This condition will of course make them feel uncomfortable, and even worse, it can interfere with daily activities.

3. Fear of contracting the disease

A sufferer of trypophobia is caused by a fear of a certain disease that may occur due to staring at a hollow object. They are afraid of being infected with the disease.

This is evidenced by a study published in 2017 by the journal Cognition and Emotion which states that, when a person experiences a fear of seeing holes or spots on objects excessively and continuously, they tend to be afraid of contracting diseases such as parasites and infectious diseases.

As we know that there are many kinds of diseases caused by parasites that produce clusters of holes and spots such as measles, rubella, as well as being infected with mites and ticks.

This is what causes the trypophobia to feel tingly, dizzy, nauseated, have headaches, and even vomit.

4. Fear that grows over time

Trypophobia can be caused by a fear that gets worse over time.

A study has shown that fear increases when you see a pattern of holes or spots so that it turns into a sense of worry and anxiety about being infected with certain diseases.

This state of fear will make a person with trypophobia feel disgusted and amused when they see objects with holes, so they will forget them through vomiting.

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How to overcome trypophobia

How to overcome

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Trypophobia can actually be overcome although there is no special treatment that can handle it. You can try the following ways to treat trypophobia.

1. Changing a healthier lifestyle

To overcome trypophobia, you can change your lifestyle to be healthier, for example diligently exercising, getting enough sleep, eating nutritionally complete foods, and not consuming alcohol and cigarettes.

In addition, you can also maintain cleanliness by always cleaning the house, especially the corners of the room which are likely to be occupied by various kinds of insects.

This way, you will no longer be afraid of things that have holes or spots in them.

2. Behavioral therapy

A person who has a phobia usually has negative thoughts about an object. They thought that it would harm them.

Therefore, people with phobias, especially trypophobia can be overcome by means of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or behavioral therapy.

This therapy will gradually change your mindset. So, by changing the mindset, fear and worry will be overcome.

3. Join the community

Being involved in a community of people with trypophobia will be very helpful in overcoming the phobia.

In the group later you will definitely get support and strength from them. You can also share with each other about the problems you are facing so that you can find the right solution.

That way, you will not feel alone and there are many others who are also struggling with trypophobia.

4. Visual therapy and relaxation

As previously explained that trypophobia can be caused by negative thoughts about an object that is seen.

With visual therapy and relaxation, it will help you to always think positively about objects that have hollow patterns around you.

That way, you won’t see it as disgusting anymore.

5. Taking drugs

If you have done all the methods above, then the next step is to take drugs. Of course, the prescription of the drug must be from the right expert so that your trypophobia can be resolved properly.

Usually, doctors will also prescribe antidpressant drugs considering that people with phobias have a higher risk of depression.

So, with the drug, the feeling of feeling fast and worried that is the cause of depression will be reduced.

The final word

Well, that’s a complete explanation of trypophobia, its symptoms, causes, and how to overcome it. Try to always think positively about the objects around you to avoid phobias.

However, if you experience the symptoms above or even include the sufferer, it is better to immediately consult a psychologist or psychiatrist to get immediate treatment.

If left unchecked, it can interfere with your daily activities.