5 Jenis Pigmentasi Pada Kulit dan Penyebabnya

If you find large dark spots on the face, neck, shoulders, and hands, it could be that you are experiencing pigmentation and the cause is due to the influence of sunlight.

You need to know that the color of the human body is strongly influenced by the substance melanin, which is contained in the pigment.

Another thing you need to know is, if the melanin content is high enough, then the skin color will automatically be slightly darker. However, if the melanin content is quite a bit, then the color of your skin pigment can be light.

Is the cause of the pigmentation just because of the sun? Of course not, there are several factors that influence and cause pigmentation on the skin, namely environmental pollution, hormonal problems, or other health problems.

And the types of pigmentation on the skin are also diverse, come on, identify your type of pigmentation through the explanation below.

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1. Melasma

(photo: unsplash/chermiti)

The characteristics of Melasma itself are, skin color appears with patches on the skin of the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, chin, hands, and neck.

Melasma pigment type conditions often appear on skin that is exposed to sunlight. This type is generally experienced by women, especially pregnant women due to hormonal changes in their bodies.

Take it easy, this condition can disappear when the pregnancy is over and also by including the use of skin creams.

2. Vitiligo

Know the 5 Types of Pigmentation of Your Skin

(photo: unsplash/alexey)

Anyone can be affected by this condition, the side effect is that you can lose skin color and cause white patches to appear.

Areas that are commonly affected by vitiligo disorders are areas of the skin that are exposed to direct sunlight. In addition, the use of chemical products that are not suitable for skin type, can lead to the presence of vitiligo on the skin.

So you should make sure to be careful in choosing skin care products. If in doubt, it is highly recommended to ask your trusted dermatologist.

3. Albinism

Know the 5 Types of Pigmentation of Your Skin

(photo: unsplash / luiza)

Albinism is often interpreted by a genetic disorder, where the melanin cells are not able to function properly. The characteristics of people with albinism can be recognized by the color of their eyes, hair, and skin.

Unfortunately, this type of pigmentation cannot be treated. So, people with albinism are strongly advised to use sunscreen every day, so that your skin is maintained even though it has to be exposed to sunlight.

The reason is, skin with albinism is more sensitive and has a high risk due to sun exposure.

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4. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Know the 5 Types of Pigmentation of Your Skin

(photo: unsplash/guiolio)

Another name for this pigmentation is more familiar with blackened acne scars. This is because PIH appears after an injury or inflammation such as acne, eczema, or other trauma or injury.

In addition to injury, PIH can also be caused by a reaction to a drug. As for the shape itself, PIH is usually shaped like a wound and tends to be reddish or pink in color.

5. Sunspots

Know the 5 Types of Pigmentation of Your Skin

(photo: unsplash / nathan)

As explained earlier, pigmentation basically occurs due to excessive sun exposure

. Apart from being stimulated by melanin production when exposed to sunlight, pigmentation can also occur due to DNA mutating after exposure to sunlight in a fairly frequent intensity.

This is what causes sunspots. For you to know, sunspots often associated with pigmentation named “Sunspots”where this type has the potential to change the color of the skin to brown.

Although, its shape is similar to frecklesbut sunspots are generally larger and more clearly visible on fair skin.

Those are the five types of pigmentation on the skin, let’s start by checking your skin, what type of pigmentation do you have?