When children have fear, this can be a natural and positive thing, because this can make the child avoid a dangerous event and also a threat.
For example, when children are afraid to meet or even talk to strangers, this action can certainly prevent them from kidnapping children or other dangerous actions.
However, what if the child is afraid of certain things to become a phobia? This really needs to be overcome, because lest this phobic feeling will have an influence that can damage the state of the heart and productivity of children.
However, before undergoing several ways, parents need to know in advance, the origin of the child experiencing excessive fear to become a phobia.
Now, after parents know what causes this phobia, let’s look at the next steps below.
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1. Give the child an explanation
Understand children often understand what things lead them to anxiety and even fear. But when they are asked, what is the reason that makes them feel anxious, the child will feel confused about the answer.
This is where the role of parents to take part in the process of providing an explanation and understanding, when children feel anxious and afraid, they can run to their parents to tell it.
Do not blame the child, but give them a sense of security that fear and anxiety are perfectly normal.
Be a friend by telling and reassuring that your parents will always be with them to face their fears.
2. Don’t label your child as shy or cowardly
This usually happens to children who have social phobia which causes them to be afraid and embarrassed to meet people, especially people they do not know.
In this position, do not give them a negative label, because this will only make them feel depressed and will not try to eliminate their fear.
Instead of saying they are shy or timid, tell them that they are easy to get along with once the child gets to know the person well. Believe me, these words can build a child’s confidence in front of others.
3. A guide on how to calm down
Parents will not always be able to be by their child’s side, especially when parents have to go to work, so it is quite important for children to know how to calm themselves when anxiety starts to dominate their feelings.
Teach to breathe slowly and deeply, to provide a sense of calm, especially in the area of the heartbeat if it feels like it is beating fast.
If it is felt the child begins to feel short, fast, and dizzy breaths. Imitate breathing like blowing a balloon, that is, inhale for a count of 4, hold for 4 beats, and release slowly for 4 beats.
Or you can teach yourself to calm down by forming a strong fist for 5 seconds, slowly releasing it. The benefit is to release muscle tension when in a crowd, for children who have social phobia.
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4. Give a stimulus in the form of positive thinking
For children who have social phobia, we must know that often they have thoughts of being laughed at, ridiculed or even insulted by others.
And parents need to take part and be enthusiastic by instilling positive thoughts in children, that they do not get negative treatment from other people.
Change the negative things that children hear, into positive thoughts in the minds of children, so that they are motivated to be brave.
One simple example, when a child is afraid his friends will laugh at him when the child comes in front of the class to read a story.
Ask a reason, why a child has such thoughts. Explain that his friends don’t mean to make fun of him, because they may laugh because they feel happy and like the story of the child.
5. Motivate children to socialize
Give them the motivation to dare to open a circle of friends with the first step from their own family.
Through simple games such as how to role-play accompanied by a story, it can stimulate children to start thinking about how fun it is to have lots of friends.
Through role playing, teach them how to say hello, listen to other people’s stories, and give feedback when their friends tell stories, learn to ask other people.
The real and simple step to start applying it is to invite your own family like cousins who are the same age as him.
So, don’t give up when you have a phobic child. Communication and strengthening relationships with children, can be the main key so that children become more courageous.