Have you ever been so afraid of something that it was hard to control it? Because they are afraid of something, they are shaking and don’t want to try or approach them.
It is natural for every human to experience fear. There are times when fear comes over the little things, but they can be very annoying.
Maybe you have realized that you have a certain phobia, and not just a fear.
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Can be caused by trauma in the past, environmental factors, and genetic factors
Human phobias can vary, for example, fear of heights, fear of the dark, fear of certain animals, fear of crowds, and many more.
All of which can trigger anxiety and a tendency to shy away from the very feared and downright disturbing object.
Keep in mind that a phobia is different from fear because of the psychological impact it has.
Most people experience it during puberty. However, phobias of animals and blood usually start in childhood. Women tend to experience it more often than men.
There are many factors that could be the cause. Basically the main trigger is trauma in the past, environmental factors, and genetic factors. People who suffer from it naturally experience discomfort.
There are various types and they can trigger panic and anxiety disorders
There are various phobias, which are reported Harvard Health Publishingthe types are;
It is generally experienced by people who have an excessive fear of certain objects, animals, circumstances, or events.
The time of emergence is when they are still small and teenagers, then decreases when they grow up.
Social phobia or Social Anxiety Disorder
A condition in which a person is afraid of circumstances that might trigger humiliation, possible humiliation, or feelings of being judged by others.
Sufferers feel panicked and anxious when interacting with strangers.
Agoraphobia characterized by excessive fear of being in crowds or public spaces. such as a concert, movie theater, or station.
Sufferers feel embarrassed and difficult when they have to leave a place suddenly. Agoraphobia Panic disorder is often followed.
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The fear is related to changes in certain chemical structures in the brain
The brain also works to stimulate the emergence of excessive fear or the emergence of terrible memories.
When a part of the brain called the amygdala associates stimuli with negative memories, an extreme avoidance reaction occurs.
Especially for trauma, this can trigger changes in certain chemical structures in the brain. This is what can trigger feelings of fear, then stimulate the amygdala to respond ‘fight or run’.
Sufferers tend to respond to fear as danger or threat, so the brain instructs the adrenal glands to secrete large amounts of adrenaline.
The body also reacts with various changes in physical and emotional.
The reactions that arise are heart palpitations, shortness of breath, cold sweat, until screaming loudly.
There can even be very disturbing physical reactions such as nausea, chills, tingling, diarrhea, to the point of wanting to faint.
If it feels like it’s interfering with your daily activities, then you can’t let it go
Feelings of excessive fear of certain things, can trigger a negative impact on physical or mental conditions. Especially if the feared thing is around and must be encountered every day.
If left untreated, the result will be a decrease in self-confidence, restlessness, hampered productivity, and disrupted relationships with other people.
Until now there is no proven way to prevent phobias. However, there are several things that can be done if the fear has become worse.
When daily activities begin to be disturbed, it is better to consult a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Thus, the effect does not cause further mental disorders. Furthermore, the healing process can be carried out with therapy, the goal is to improve the quality of life.
Thoughts and feelings are calmer and can control fear.